Writing a thesis for a research

Developing A Thesis

Think of yourself as a member of a jury, listening to a lawyer who is presenting an opening argument. You’ll want to know very soon whether the lawyer believes the accused to be guilty or not guilty, and how the lawyer plans to convince you. Readers of academic essays are like jury members: before they have read too far, they want to know what the essay argues as well as how the writer plans to make the argument. After reading your thesis statement, the reader should think, “This essay is going to try to convince me of something. I’m not convinced yet, but I’m interested to see how I might be.”

An effective thesis cannot be answered with a simple “yes” or “no.” A thesis is not a topic; nor is it a fact; nor is it an opinion. “Reasons for the fall of communism” is a topic. “Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe” is a fact known by educated people. “The fall of communism is the best thing that ever happened in Europe” is an opinion. (Superlatives like “the best” almost always lead to trouble. It’s impossible to weigh every “thing” that ever happened in Europe. And what about the fall of Hitler? Couldn’t that be “the best thing”?)

A good thesis has two parts. It should tell what you plan to argue, and it should “telegraph” how you plan to argue—that is, what particular support for your claim is going where in your essay.

Steps in Constructing a Thesis

First, analyze your primary sources. Look for tension, interest, ambiguity, controversy, and/or complication. Does the author contradict himself or herself? Is a point made and later reversed? What are the deeper implications of the author’s argument? Figuring out the why to one or more of these questions, or to related questions, will put you on the path to developing a working thesis. (Without the why, you probably have only come up with an observation—that there are, for instance, many different metaphors in such-and-such a poem—which is not a thesis.)

Once you have a working thesis, write it down. There is nothing as frustrating as hitting on a great idea for a thesis, then forgetting it when you lose concentration. And by writing down your thesis you will be forced to think of it clearly, logically, and concisely. You probably will not be able to write out a final-draft version of your thesis the first time you try, but you’ll get yourself on the right track by writing down what you have.

Keep your thesis prominent in your introduction. A good, standard place for your thesis statement is at the end of an introductory paragraph, especially in shorter (5-15 page) essays. Readers are used to finding theses there, so they automatically pay more attention when they read the last sentence of your introduction. Although this is not required in all academic essays, it is a good rule of thumb.

Anticipate the counterarguments. Once you have a working thesis, you should think about what might be said against it. This will help you to refine your thesis, and it will also make you think of the arguments that you’ll need to refute later on in your essay. (Every argument has a counterargument. If yours doesn’t, then it’s not an argument—it may be a fact, or an opinion, but it is not an argument.)

Michael Dukakis lost the 1988 presidential election because he failed to campaign vigorously after the Democratic National Convention.

This statement is on its way to being a thesis. However, it is too easy to imagine possible counterarguments. For example, a political observer might believe that Dukakis lost because he suffered from a “soft-on-crime” image. If you complicate your thesis by anticipating the counterargument, you’ll strengthen your argument, as shown in the sentence below.

While Dukakis’ “soft-on-crime” image hurt his chances in the 1988 election, his failure to campaign vigorously after the Democratic National Convention bore a greater responsibility for his defeat.

Some Caveats and Some Examples

A thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered. A question (“Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?”) is not an argument, and without an argument, a thesis is dead in the water.

A thesis is never a list. “For political, economic, social and cultural reasons, communism collapsed in Eastern Europe” does a good job of “telegraphing” the reader what to expect in the essay—a section about political reasons, a section about economic reasons, a section about social reasons, and a section about cultural reasons. However, political, economic, social and cultural reasons are pretty much the only possible reasons why communism could collapse. This sentence lacks tension and doesn’t advance an argument. Everyone knows that politics, economics, and culture are important.

A thesis should never be vague, combative or confrontational. An ineffective thesis would be, “Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe because communism is evil.” This is hard to argue (evil from whose perspective? what does evil mean?) and it is likely to mark you as moralistic and judgmental rather than rational and thorough. It also may spark a defensive reaction from readers sympathetic to communism. If readers strongly disagree with you right off the bat, they may stop reading.

An effective thesis has a definable, arguable claim. “While cultural forces contributed to the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, the disintegration of economies played the key role in driving its decline” is an effective thesis sentence that “telegraphs,” so that the reader expects the essay to have a section about cultural forces and another about the disintegration of economies. This thesis makes a definite, arguable claim: that the disintegration of economies played a more important role than cultural forces in defeating communism in Eastern Europe. The reader would react to this statement by thinking, “Perhaps what the author says is true, but I am not convinced. I want to read further to see how the author argues this claim.”

A thesis should be as clear and specific as possible. Avoid overused, general terms and abstractions. For example, “Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe because of the ruling elite’s inability to address the economic concerns of the people” is more powerful than “Communism collapsed due to societal discontent.”

Copyright 1999, Maxine Rodburg and The Tutors of the Writing Center at Harvard University

How to Write a Strong Hypothesis | Steps & Examples

A hypothesis is a statement that can be tested by scientific research. If you want to test a relationship between two or more variables, you need to write hypotheses before you start your experiment or data collection.

Example: Hypothesis

Daily apple consumption leads to fewer doctor’s visits.

Table of contents

  1. What is a hypothesis?
  2. Developing a hypothesis (with example)
  3. Hypothesis examples
  4. Frequently asked questions about writing hypotheses

What is a hypothesis?

A hypothesis states your predictions about what your research will find. It is a tentative answer to your research question that has not yet been tested. For some research projects, you might have to write several hypotheses that address different aspects of your research question.

A hypothesis is not just a guess – it should be based on existing theories and knowledge. It also has to be testable, which means you can support or refute it through scientific research methods (such as experiments, observations and statistical analysis of data).

Variables in hypotheses

Hypotheses propose a relationship between two or more variables. An independent variable is something the researcher changes or controls. A dependent variable is something the researcher observes and measures.

Example: Hypothesis
Daily exposure to the sun leads to increased levels of happiness.

In this example, the independent variable is exposure to the sun – the assumed cause . The dependent variable is the level of happiness – the assumed effect .

Developing a hypothesis (with example)

Step 1. Ask a question

Writing a hypothesis begins with a research question that you want to answer. The question should be focused, specific, and researchable within the constraints of your project.

Example: Research question
Do students who attend more lectures get better exam results?

Step 2. Do some preliminary research

Your initial answer to the question should be based on what is already known about the topic. Look for theories and previous studies to help you form educated assumptions about what your research will find.

At this stage, you might construct a conceptual framework to identify which variables you will study and what you think the relationships are between them. Sometimes, you’ll have to operationalise more complex constructs.

Step 3. Formulate your hypothesis

Now you should have some idea of what you expect to find. Write your initial answer to the question in a clear, concise sentence.

Attending more lectures leads to better exam results.

4. Refine your hypothesis

You need to make sure your hypothesis is specific and testable. There are various ways of phrasing a hypothesis, but all the terms you use should have clear definitions, and the hypothesis should contain:

  • The relevant variables
  • The specific group being studied
  • The predicted outcome of the experiment or analysis

5. Phrase your hypothesis in three ways

To identify the variables, you can write a simple prediction in if…then form. The first part of the sentence states the independent variable and the second part states the dependent variable.

If a first-year student starts attending more lectures , then their exam scores will improve.

In academic research, hypotheses are more commonly phrased in terms of correlations or effects, where you directly state the predicted relationship between variables.

The number of lectures attended by first-year students has a positive effect on their exam scores.

If you are comparing two groups, the hypothesis can state what difference you expect to find between them.

First-year students who attended most lectures will have better exam scores than those who attended few lectures.

6. Write a null hypothesis

If your research involves statistical hypothesis testing, you will also have to write a null hypothesis. The null hypothesis is the default position that there is no association between the variables. The null hypothesis is written as H0, while the alternative hypothesis is H1 or Ha.

H0: The number of lectures attended by first-year students has no effect on their final exam scores.
H1: The number of lectures attended by first-year students has a positive effect on their final exam scores.

What can proofreading do for your paper?

Scribbr editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes, but also strengthen your writing by making sure your paper is free of vague language, redundant words and awkward phrasing.

Carry Out A Thorough Research Before Writing A Thesis

A lot of students in college begin to panic when they are assigned a thesis paper subject by their professor. It could be that they are unfamiliar with this type of academic paper or they simply do not want to risk lowering their grades writing something of this magnitude on their own. Irrespective of the reason, these students begin to wonder, “Where can I find someone to write my dissertation for me?” However, the truth is, a thesis paper is not that hard to write once you’ve figured out the sort of content you wish to include in your paper and do the needful research to uncover the information you’re looking for. All it takes is a bit of time and effort! So, if you think you’ve got what it takes to succeed on your own without relying on dissertation services, find out how to conduct the right kind of research work below:

Set Your Priorities
Before you begin the research process, you need to devise a solid plan by considering several aspects of the details you wish to gather, including:

  • What questions do you wish to answer through your thesis paper?
  • What sort of information do you wish to use in your paper?
  • How do you expect to find that information?
  • How much information do you require?

Writing a thesis can get complicated, but these four questions will help ensure that you stick to the main facts and resist the temptation to deviate midway.

Ask Factual Questions
Think back to how you developed your thesis doctoral topic and refer to the notes from that process. This will allow you to determine the right direction for your paper and will aid you in gathering data and researching information. The trick is to find the answers to the “who, what, when, how, where, and why” questions of your topic so you can approach your paper from any perspective.
Always assume that the readers of your paper know very little about the subject matter. So, your goal is to educate them. Remember this bit of information when you’re gathering resources for your paper and you’ll easily be able to find relevant background details. Factual questions are a good idea because they are direct and help you follow a clear path during research.

Use Interpretive Questions to Gather Details
Based on the nature of your topic, interpretive questions might also be necessary. While some of these thesis help questions can be developed during the information gathering stages, others can be developed as you continue to conduct research. Either way, you should ask the proper question:

  • Analogy/Comparison: Check for similarities between your subject matter and that of another paper. Geographical location and time period are also important factors.
  • Hypothetical: Do you think things would have been the same now if something different took place in the past?
  • Judgment: Based on all the information you have collected till now, what is your opinion or assessment?
  • Solution: What, according to you, is the right solution to the problem that exists now?
  • Prediction: Do you see things changing in the future depending on the way they are perceived now?

When you develop interpretive questions, you manage to write more creatively developed and focused thesis UK papers.

Process the Information You’ve Collected
Prior to conducting thesis research, be sure to evaluate the information you have. The size of the paper usually determines the amount of information and the number of sources required to write a good paper. The twin processes of conducting research and gathering information can help you figure out more questions to add so that you end up with a full-fledged paper.

The next time you try to place a thesis order, think about how fulfilling it would be if you could write your own paper through in-depth research and get great marks from your professor.

Hello! I’m Josh, and I’m a college student. Research paper writing is a kind of a hobby for me, maybe because I love the things I study. I hope that my experience will help you to get better grades.

7 tips for efficient thesis writing

Writing your thesis isn’t always a walk in the park, so here are some tips to help you out.

It’s no secret that writing your master’s or doctoral thesis is no easy task. Writer’s block and procrastination haunt many graduate students. Nonetheless, Geneviève Belleville, psychology professor at Université Laval, has a few tricks that can help make things easier. Back in 2014, she compiled her advice into a book: Assieds-toi et écris ta thèse! Trucs pratiques et motivationnels (Sit Down and Write Your Thesis: Some Practical and Motivational Tips).

At the most recent Journées de la relève en recherche held by Acfas, the association of French-speaking researchers, Dr. Belleville gave a presentation on seven keys to writing a thesis efficiently and (almost) worry-free.

1. Set specific times for writing

To start off, Dr. Belleville advises that you set aside short periods of time each day to write. She encourages you to regularly re-evaluate how long these blocks of time last. Why choose shorter writing periods over longer ones? To prevent procrastination and to reduce the eventual pressure to write. While it is important to write each day, she also recommends taking complete breaks from it. “The kind of person who succeeds in graduate studies is someone who also manages to do other things in life,” she says. “It’s a bit of a paradox, but [people who are successful] are invested in their studies but are also able to do other things, for example, on evenings or weekends.”

2. Set goals

Dr. Belleville says there are different types of goals that apply to writing a thesis: long-term, specific and weekly goals, as well as time-bound or project-driven goals. “You can’t expect a master’s degree or a PhD to be easy — you have to set goals and define motivations,” she explains. She suggests taking inspiration from the concept of SMART objectives to help with this stage. This method prescribes setting objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound. For example, don’t take on a literature review when you have 35 minutes left at the end of a long workday!

3. Distinguish the different writing stages

There are three main stages to a thesis: planning, writing and editing. A well-thought-out plan makes it easier to start writing while reducing stress and hesitation. When it comes to writing, she recommends tackling this task without overthinking it. Writing ideas quickly without thinking about every word choice accelerates the process and prevents you from getting bogged down in one spot for too long. The editing stage is where it’s important to carefully consider the relevance of each sentence, spend more time on your structure and argumentation, correct typos and refine your style. Dr. Belleville reminds us that “We’re writing for others — not ourselves.”

4. Inspiration is a rationalization

Dr. Belleville adds that waiting for inspiration to start writing is just an excuse to procrastinate. “Writing doesn’t need inspiration, it needs structure,” she says. She believes that the best ways to get motivated are to write each day, for example, or to keep a notebook of ideas, vary your tasks, or talk about the subject with the people around you.

5. Avoid procrastination

“Scientific writing is one of the jobs most likely to be put off to the next day,” she explains. One of the reasons this happens in thesis writing is the anxiety it causes. The last stage of a PhD is also the most important, as it determines whether or not you earn your degree. More often than not, procrastination only causes more anxiety. Dr. Belleville has advice for fighting this tendency to postpone work. First, she emphasizes the importance of planning short, daily writing periods. You also need to create a pleasant, functional space that’s conducive to writing. Lastly, you need to remember that everyone procrastinates from time to time, so there’s no need to get hung up on it when you do!

6. Resist perfectionism!

Dr. Belleville argues that perfectionism and productivity are not the same thing. She says that while it’s a good thing to have high standards, having unrealistic ones is just shooting yourself in the foot. “Perfectionists are often unproductive because they are paralysed by their perfectionism.” She sees perfectionism as kind of cult “where the ideals we aim to achieve are attractive but unrealistic.” Perfection can come with certain nuances. Wanting to perform and excel is not the same issue as taking on too much, and both have very different outcomes.

7. Stay connected and talk about it with others

She concluded her presentation by stating “you have to make sure not to get lost in the thesis writing process.” Shutting yourself in, away from everyone else, is far from a good idea, and you shouldn’t hesitate to discuss any problems that come up. It’s important to remember that this kind of project will always come with setbacks.

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Writing a Thesis: Qualitative Research Essay

Action Plan for Staying Motivated While Writing My Dissertation

Writing a dissertation is a big academic challenge as it requires a lot of dedication in terms of time and effort (Ryan, 2008). However, there are various ways in which the researcher can sustain his or her motivation during this period. Some of the ways that I have employed to keep up motivation while writing my dissertation are discussed below:

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Having a Study Group

When writing a dissertation, one must join a study group to obtain moral and intellectual support (Schensul, 2009). I joined such a group when I started working on my dissertation and it has helped me a lot in terms of moral support and dealing with the challenges that I encounter in the dissertation writing process. My group members also benefit from my support.

Creating a Dissertation Time-table

The period over which you are supposed to write your dissertation seems very long when starting but time moves very fast. To ensure that I stay focused and to avoid the last-minute rush in writing my dissertation, I have prepared a time-table allocating time to each critical part of the dissertation. I also make sure that I have followed the time-table strictly.

Taking Regular Breaks

It is crucial to take regular breaks while writing a dissertation to give your mind time for relaxation and to develop new ideas. Working on the research continuously is tedious and results in exhaustion and, consequently, low quality work. Thus I usually take regular breaks from my research to freshen up and regain vigor.

My Progress in Quantitative Reasoning and Analysis

This course has equipped me with a lot of skills and knowledge in qualitative reasoning, data collection, and analysis. In the area of data collection, I have gained skills in using interviews and focus groups to collect data. These are the most common techniques for gathering qualitative data. I have also made significant progress in analyzing qualitative data including performing content analysis on responses to open-ended questions and using SPSS software to analyze data. However, I would like to improve my skills in using Nvivo software for analyzing unstructured responses to questionnaires and in the literature review. Literature review plays a very vital role in the development of the research topic and clarifying research objectives. Therefore, I would like to improve my skills in this area so that I can come up with a more specific research problem and SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-bound) research objectives.

How the Course has helped me in determining an approach to my Dissertation Topic

This course has played a great role in helping me establish an approach to my research topic. The course recommends that upon identifying your research topic, you should consider the research objectives, research questions and hypotheses, and the significance of the research. Afterward, one should conduct a review of existing literature which is then followed by the research methodology. Data analysis is then performed on the research data and the research ends with a presentation of findings and recommendations. The course has helped me to follow a systematic approach as required by a researcher. It has also strengthened my confidence in my research topic. The faculty of Walden and members of other universities have recommended my research topic and ideas.

How using Qualitative research has informed my understanding of Research and Reading the Findings of a Research

Qualitative research helps to answer the ‘why’ questions of research as opposed to the ‘how’ questions which are answered by quantitative research. The ‘why’ questions are usually open-ended and their answers vary among different respondents. On the other hand, the ‘how’ questions are quantitative and numerical (Denzin, 2007).

Quantitative research helps a researcher to obtain insights into a research topic and to understand the factors behind respondents’ motivations, attitudes, and behavior. In contrast, quantitative research obtains precise findings to research problems and it does not apply to those research problems that do not have precise solutions (Pope, 2006). Nevertheless, such research problems abound in day to day life thus making qualitative research very important.

The quantitative research approach utilizes content analysis to summarize research data unlike in quantitative research where quantitative techniques such as graphs and statistics are used. Content analysis involves using quantitative nouns to describe respondents’ answers to research questions (Denzine, 2007).

How the Course fits into my Residency Milestone

The course has fitted very well into my residency. I have attended my third residency already and I am planning to attend the last one by the end of this year. Hence, I think everything is on the right track. Besides, the course has firmed up my choice of the dissertation topic and the timeline I had drawn for the dissertation.

Lingering Questions

The only lingering question is whether my chair and committee members will be available throughout the dissertation period for consultation and whether they will be proactive enough in guiding my research work.

References

Ryan, G. (2008). Field Research into Social Issues: Methodological Guidelines. Washington, DC: UNESCO.

Schensul, J. (2009). Ethnographer’s Toolkit. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.

Denzin, N. (2007). Handbook of Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications.

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Pope, C. (2006). Qualitative Research in Health Care. London: BMJ Books.

How To Write A Thesis Statement For A Research Paper

How To Write A Thesis Statement For A Research Paper

The heart of every research paper is the thesis statement. It is the first thing anyone reading research papers checks, as it gives a reader prior information about the research paper. The thesis statement usually gives short and precise information on the research paper. For a well-written research paper, the thesis statement serves an important purpose.

While the thesis for research paper is important in any research paper, most people find it challenging to develop a compelling thesis statement for their research paper. To help students and researchers, this article provides detailed and helpful information on how to write a research paper thesis statement.

Contents

What is a Thesis Statement?

Researchers have described the thesis statement as the foundational stage of any well-written research paper. The thesis statement provides firsthand information and argument of what is contained in a research paper.

The tone is usually precise and declarative, touching across all the core areas of the research paper. Your thesis statement should incorporate all the highlighted keywords in your research paper. Thesis statements are not generic; they are specific, as the purpose is to give readers a clear understanding of what to expect from the rest of the research paper.

Whether you are writing a research paper as a term paper, or as your undergraduate dissertation, a thesis statement is essential in the writing process. It provides foundational knowledge of what the research paper will be shaped around.

The thesis statement appears at the top of the research paper. It should be the first thing any reader notices when they read through a research paper. It usually comes immediately after the research title.

Do Research Papers Have a Thesis?

Yes, they do. Oftentimes, many undergraduate students new to research writing ask whether or not a research paper has a thesis. The simple answer is yes. Every research paper must have a thesis.

The thesis statement is the most important part when writing your research paper. It provides information on the research, it also serves as a research writing guide, outlining the relevant areas to touch across in the body of the research.

In the structure of a research paper, the thesis statement is essential. Without it, a research paper will be considered incomplete.
Although there is no single way to conduct research, writing research usually has an acceptable structure. A research paper structure should contain:

  • Thesis statement
  • Literature review
  • Research methodology
  • Result and findings
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Reference

The above is the basic structure of a good research paper, and in it, there must always be a detailed thesis statement. On the other hand, you can pay for thesis and never worry about all those points.

Important Things to Note in Writing a Good Thesis for a Research Paper

When it comes to research writing, one of the challenges college and university students still face is the problem of how to write a good thesis statement for their research paper. Anyone can write a thesis statement, but it takes a lot of effort and training to learn how to write a good thesis for a research paper.

Definitely, writing a research paper is not easy and writing a good thesis statement is certainly not easy either. There are important things to note on how to write a thesis for a research paper. Some of them include:

  • It Should be Concise: Your thesis statement has to be concise; this involves the ability to communicate knowledge about your research topic in a few words. Your thesis should not contain unnecessary words or sentences. Make it as brief as possible; this helps prioritize the main information conveyed.
  • Use Clear Grammar: Clear grammar is essential in any form of writing, and it certainly applies to your research paper thesis statement. Your grammar must be clear, rich, and convey information without difficulty. Thus, always use simple grammar when writing your thesis statement.
  • Present a Strong Argument: The purpose of a thesis statement is to convey clear and specific thoughts about a research paper. Therefore, your thesis should convey that thought declaratively.

Step By Step Guide for Writing a Thesis Statement

Every piece of great research writing must follow a regular structural pattern. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to write a good thesis statement for your next research paper.

  • Define Your Topic: Your thesis statement has to be definitive. It has to give a succinct definition of what your topic entails. Making it as definitive as possible will show that you have a good knowledge and understanding of what your research is all about.
    For example, if you have a topic like “The challenges of mandatory online education to college students,” your thesis statement should provide a detailed explanation of why mandatory online learning today has become a source of challenge for college students.
    You can begin this by first giving insight into what has given rise to mandatory online learning in the first place; this helps to give context as well as structure to your thesis statement.
  • Avoid Vagueness: Most students often vaguely present their thesis statement that it becomes difficult for readers to pinpoint the intended purpose of the research. Your thesis statement should give readers clear information about your paper’s content.
    Avoid making the statement vague as this affects the understanding on the part of the readers. It has to be both precise and straight to the point. Making your points clear and straightforward will present you as informed in the subject matter and confident in your assertions. Also, a straightforward thesis statement immediately provides a clear picture of what the research is or isn’t about.
  • Number of Sentences: Your thesis statement should not be bulky. Always make it as short as possible. Its purpose is to provide brief and detailed information on the rest of the paper.
    Therefore, it should be as short as possible. To achieve this, try as much as possible to limit it to a certain number of sentences. A well-formed thesis statement should not exceed two sentences. Or, in most cases, three.
  • Answer the Research Question: Before starting a research paper, students and young researchers must always start with a gap analysis. The gap analysis details areas not covered by previous research in your study.
    Through these, a research problem is identified, and a research question will be formed. This question must be addressed in your thesis statement as well. For instance, in the research topic, “The challenges of mandatory online education to college students,” the research question automatically is, “why are mandatory online classes imposed on college students?”
    In your thesis statement, you should be able to address this question, giving insight on why mandatory online classes have taken over in-person classes and why it’s become a problem for college students.
  • Practice: In any form of writing, practice makes perfection; this also applies to your thesis statement. Don’t be consumed by the idea of drafting an all-inclusive thesis statement in one try. Draft as many thesis statements as you can and gradually add all the relevant points that should be included in your essay.

Characteristics of a Good Thesis Statement

Even with a how-to guide on writing a good thesis statement, there are other things to note about a good thesis statement.
There are certain things contained in a good and well-written thesis statement, and some of them include:

  • It Must be Specific: It is not a well-written thesis statement if it is not specific. A good thesis statement indicates clearly what the research will be all about. Avoid vague or broad statements in your thesis.
    Your thesis must maintain a particular context and your knowledge built around that context. In the research topic, “The challenges of mandatory online education on college students,” your thesis should revolve around how making online classes mandatory now affects college students. Taking your thesis statement beyond this affects the message of your thesis.
    To achieve specificity in your research, always narrow down your point to concentrate solely on your research topic.
  • Present a Solid and Convincing Argument: Narrowing down your thesis statement to focus on your research topic helps you to build a solid argument around that topic. Leaving room for vagueness in the statement stops your thesis from building a strong argument. To create a thesis with a solid argument, focus on being specific in your thesis statement.
  • Should be Engaging: A good thesis statement has to be effective and engaging. It attracts the interest of readers and keeps them reading. Ultimately, a great one should have the ability to hook readers’ interest.
  • Topic-related: Your thesis statement should only revolve around your research topic. Avoid touching areas that are not related to your research topic. If your topic is, the challenges of imposing online learning on college students, your thesis should only address how mandatory online classes affect college students.

Notable Research Paper Thesis Statement Examples

An important point to note is that a good research topic births a good thesis statement. After you have successfully chosen a research topic, the next thing on your to-do list is to prepare your thesis statement. Below, we have provided you with a list of some research paper thesis examples to guide you in writing your own.

Thesis Topic 1: The Challenges of Mandatory Online Learning on College Students During COVID

An example of the thesis statement you can form from the above topic could look like:

“The advent of Covid-19 has brought about a global strain in many sectors, that its impact is also largely palpable in the educational sector where it has been recorded to have disrupted an existing traditional mode of learning, causing schools to consider other modes of learning such that many learning institutions now regard virtual learning as a viable solution. However, studies show that college students are becoming tired of online learning during a pandemic, which has been pointed as causing a significant strain on students’ learning abilities. This study explores how online learning (which used to be a student’s delight Pre-COVID) has become a hectic learning style especially for college students and how this is largely reliant on the pandemic”.

Thesis Topic 2: The Provision of Educational and Learning Resources for Low-Income Students

A thesis statement for a topic like this will look like this:

“Educational inequality has become prevalent in our society today. One of the challenges children face from low-income homes is the inaccessibility of educational and learning tools, which poses a serious problem for students in this category to have equal access to education and learning like their fellow counterparts. Against the backdrop of this major educational disparity is also a government with little-to-no provision made to create solutions to this rising educational challenge. This study examines the challenges of low-income homes, how this affects their ability to meet the educational demands of their children, and the government’s role in making certain educational and learning materials accessible to the wider public”.

Thesis Topic 3: The Prevalence of Internet and Cyberbullying and the Need for Government Legislation Against It

A thesis statement for a topic like this will look like this:

“With the growth of technology and with more and more people gaining access to smartphones as well as the availability of several social media spaces for public engagement, cyberspace has become a favorable playing ground for several cyberbullying activities. With this, cyberbullying is gaining ground, gradually getting out of hand, with more and more people falling victim to cyber bullies daily; this has become an issue of general interest—the need to address the growing unsafety on the internet propagated by online trolls. With almost no successful strategy to handle this, the issue can be curbed through the implementation of government legislation. This study examines the prevalence of cyberbullying, its effect on individuals, and the role the government can play in ensuring that internet safety can be restored”.

Solution To Your Thesis Problem

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Thesis Statement Formula, Purpose, & Parts

What is the most complicated part of writing an essay? If the thesis statement comes to your mind, you are not wrong. Coming up with a sentence that has to fulfill so much is not a simple task. The thesis statement formula shown in this article will help you with it.

We will also briefly touch on the purpose of the thesis and take a look at four various thesis formulas with examples.

🤔 What Is the Purpose of a Thesis Statement?

First, we need to figure out the purpose of the thesis in your essay. Its main goal is to deliver the main idea of the further text. It shows your position on the topic and briefly touches on the arguments you’ll provide.

The picture contains the goals of a thesis statement.

The thesis also structures your work, making a pile of claims and ideas into a coherent essay. Last but not least, the statement creates space for debate by briefly introducing the opposite to your point of view.

The thesis is usually placed at the end of your introduction paragraph as a single but detailed sentence. 30-40 words is the average length of the sentence.

A work without a thesis can exist but in very specific cases like a narrative essay. Usually, it’s a dubious idea to leave out the thesis statement. By doing so, you risk to make your text look pointless.

Thesis Statement: Typical Mistakes to Avoid

To make your thesis statement more effective, avoid the common mistakes listed below.

Too factual thesis A strong thesis statement should not just repeat the facts. Instead, it should represent your argument or position on the topic. Ask yourself what it is that you will be trying to prove in your paper and revise your thesis statement so that it answers this question clearly.
Too vague thesis You should avoid merely announcing your research paper topic. Make your original and specific take on the subject clear to the reader.
Too subjective thesis Your thesis statement and entire research paper need to be based on thorough research, in-depth analysis, and critical assessment. Don’t be guided by your personal taste or opinions. When you make a judgment, always explain your reasoning.
The thesis that can’t be proven This one is simple: If your thesis statement cannot be proven, you shouldn’t try to prove it. Avoid making universal, black-and-white judgments that oversimplify complex problems. One clear sign of this problem is using “always “or “never” in your thesis statement.

⚙ ️ Parts of a Thesis Statement (with Examples)

While the general formula for a thesis is the same, its components can differ from style to style. To help you grasp these details, here are some formulas and examples for:

  • Informative essay
  • Argumentative essay
  • Analytical essay
  • Compare and contrast essay

If you still find yourself struggling, make sure to use our thesis statement generator.

Informative Thesis Statement Formula

An informative essay is all about educating your reader on a certain topic. A thesis formula to such work is fairly simple:

Your main conclusion + your main argument (one or more).

The picture describes an informative thesis statement formula.

Informative Thesis Statement Examples

Bad example Good example Explanation
The monopoly is a bad thing. The monopoly has no positive effect on the market due to it causing a drastic decrease in product quality and destroying any possibility of innovation in the monopolized field. Surely, monopoly is bad. A good thesis statement must also remind people why it is this way.
Police brutality should be prohibited on every level possible. Police brutality has caused much harm and even death to innocent people; thus, it should be stopped as a phenomenon completely. Same thing here. Always enhance your thesis with an argument or two.

Argumentative Thesis Statement Formula

Argumentative-style work focuses on proving your point by using facts and logic. A thesis statement formula for this type of essay is a bit different from the previous one.

This is how it looks like:

Your main conclusion + your main argument (one or more) + the counterargument (one or more).

The picture describes an argumentative thesis statement formula.

Refrain from appealing to emotions while coming up with arguments.

Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples

Bad example Good example Explanation
College athletes must be paid because it would be just. Though many think that scholarships are fair financial compensation for college athletes, they should be paid as they are constantly risking their bodies. Although the first example contains an argument, it is mostly emotional. “Justice” is not a concept you should prove your point with in an argumentative essay. The fact that college athletes are risking their bodies, on the other hand, is an objective one.
National stereotypes can never be positive. Though some of the national stereotypes might be positive, they still create a false image for a person and strengthen the generalization among society. Thus, they can never be a good thing. Here the first example doesn’t even have an argument. Never forget to support your point with a thesis.

Analytical Thesis Statement Formula

The whole point of an analytical style essay is to provide a substantive analysis of a certain topic. The formula here will be a different one:

Your main conclusion + the main issue under the analysis.

The picture describes an analytical thesis statement formula.

Analytical Thesis Statement Examples

Bad example Good example Explanation
Listening to music daily is good. Although the mental influence of music is not fully discovered, researches show that listening to music daily has a positive effect on a person: it lowers the risk of depression and helps to avoid anxiety. First examples lack arguments. Furthermore, it sounds like a poor thesis for an argumentative essay. Keep in mind you are not trying to argue or prove anything. You analyze research.
Junk food is bad for your health, and you shouldn’t eat it. The health issues caused by junk food are known by everyone, although the amount of food enough to put your health at risk is in question; however, researcher believe that it would be best to stop eating junk food completely. Same thing as before. Remember that you can divide your thesis into two sentences if you feel like it’s too bulky.

Compare & Contrast Thesis Statement Formula

Compare & Contrast style is self-explanatory. You take two different subjects and compare them. Since we have several subjects in one essay, the formula is a bit complex. You need to decide if you want to show the subjects similar, different, or both. After that, you plan your thesis accordingly:

Compare & Contrast Thesis Statement Examples

Bad example Good example Explanation
Rap music and rock music have nothing in common. Due to drastic differences in style, lyrics, rhythm, musical instruments, and a number of other things, it is safe to say that rap music and rock have almost nothing in common. If you want to show the difference between two things, don’t forget to mention these differences in your thesis. Keep in mind you can write the pieces of the formula in any order you like.
E-books and textbooks are almost the same things. Despite being the most popular argument among book lovers, E-book and textbooks have very few differences: they hold the same information and serve the same purpose of entertaining you. This time the bad examples lack similarities. No matter how you compare things, always show what exactly you juxtapose.

If you want to look at more examples of thesis statements on various topics, you are welcome to read our article that contains a collection of thesis statement examples. We are also happy to recommend our free thesis-making tool that will generate a beautiful thesis statement for you in a couple of clicks.

And with that, we end our little guide on the thesis formula. Make sure to let us know what tip you found the most useful in the comment section. And don’t forget you’ll need to restate your thesis in the conclusion paragraph. If you have trouble rephrasing your statement, our paraphrase generator is always there to help you out!

❓ Thesis Statement Formula: FAQ

What Is a Working Thesis Statement?

A working thesis statement is a statement that:

  • Creates room for a discussion. It mentions the opposite point of view.
  • Supports your position with arguments. It Lets the reader know how exactly you are going to prove your point.
  • Raises an actual issue. It makes the essay useful to the overall research.

How Long is a Thesis Statement?

A thesis statement is a single sentence with a length of 30-40 words. If the idea you express seems complicated, you can divide the statement into two sentences. Don’t make it three, however. Remember, we are writing a thesis statement, not a thesis paragraph.

What Is the Purpose of a Thesis Statement?

The goal of any thesis statement is to:

  • Show the main idea of the text.
  • Structure your paper
  • Argument your position

If you follow our guide carefully, your thesis should reach all three of them.

Where Is a Thesis Statement Located?

The thesis statement is normally located at the end of your introduction paragraph. After the background info and prior to the first body paragraph. However, no one is stopping you from experimenting with the placement.

How to Write a Thesis for a Research Paper

If you write a research paper, you should remember about creating a thesis statement. This is a special part of the essay where you write the main objective of your work. It should not be your opinion or just a fact. The thesis consists of a statement and common arguments. First, you should look through the information you have found about the topic and an opinion should be placed within the introduction. The best way is to compose a hypothesis is in the last two or three sentences of the introduction. Moreover, all of these causes should be used as evidence of your opinion and be explained within the body of your research paper.

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Thesis Statement for a Research Paper

You should remember that the hypothesis is the part of an essay when the reader decides if he or she will read the essay. This is not a problem if you cannot compose a hypothesis the first time. If you have some trouble with writing a hypothesis statement, you should follow a few steps to make it easier. You should convince the reader that your essay is worth for reading because it provides new information and fresh ideas. Therefore, the statement should be reliable and the arguments should be brief and engaging. When you compose a research paper, you should concentrate on the results of your work and the reasons for the research. The common scheme for an online thesis statement generator looks like the following:

This is something, because of the first argument, the second argument, and the third argument.

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Guidelines for Writing a Thesis Statement

Substantial empirical data will allow you to make evidence-based conclusions. With these conclusions you’ll be able to determine the causes and reasons related to your hypothesis. The utmost important part of the research paper is a well-written thesis statement within the introduction. You should write down all your thoughts which come to your mind as some of them could be pertinent to your paper and you don’t wasn’t to risk losing them. There is a rule of thumb to place a hypothesis statement and the reader wait to see the opinion in the introduction section.

In conclusion, you should follow these steps during writing research paper hypothesis statement:

  1. Review all information.
  2. Formulate the facts and reasons which caused it.
  3. Rewrite the hypothesis in as many ways as you need to get the best results.
  4. Focus on the results which you have obtained after conducting research.
  5. Write about the reasons which you can use as evidence to support your opinion.
  6. Place a thesis statement within the introduction.

This simple guide will help you to compose the best thesis statement. Following these few steps, you will be able to develop writing an opinion faster. You should compose it in few ways, try to make your hypothesis better, and rewrite it. This way will help you get the best result.

Thesis Statement Example

If you still have some doubts about how to compose a thesis statement you can find an example here:

After graduating from high school, students need a gap year because this leads to better socialization, and students become better informed of what they want to do in life.

The sentence about high school and students is just a fact and the rest of the sentence after states the reasons. In such a situation, the writer should explain in the body of the research paper why this leads to socialization and awareness.

The thesis statement is arguably the most important part of any research paper, even though it is just one sentence. In order to write a proper statement, you need to understand what you are writing about and what you are aiming at with your paper. Basically, the thesis statement is where you tell your audience what is the core idea of your paper and make the readers understand why it is important.

  • General Guidelines

When writing a research paper, a thesis should not be the first thing you need to care about. To begin with, you need to start your research, collect data, analyze the information you have, and actually write your research paper; you can find more here. Only after you’ve compiled all the information, you can move to create a powerful statement.

Ideally, your thesis has to be no longer than one sentence. If it is longer, it means you did not craft a proper statement and that it needs some improvement. It has to be precise and completely on point so that when your readers see it, they know exactly what is going on and what you are about to prove.

To craft a proper thesis statement, you need to understand what you are going to argue in your research paper. It is best to write a statement only after you’ve finished your initial research and have all the information gathered. That is how you can make your thesis really strong and all-encompassing.

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