Writing an outline for a research paper mla

Research Paper Format | APA, MLA, & Chicago Templates

Published on November 19, 2020 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on June 16, 2022.

The formatting of a research paper is different depending on which style guide you’re following. In addition to citations, APA, MLA, and Chicago provide format guidelines for things like font choices, page layout, format of headings and the format of the reference page.

Scribbr offers free Microsoft Word templates for the most common formats. Simply download and get started on your paper.

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Table of contents

  1. Formatting an APA paper
  2. Formatting an MLA paper
  3. Formatting a Chicago paper
  4. Frequently asked questions about research paper formatting

Formatting an APA paper

The main guidelines for formatting a paper in APA Style are as follows:

  • Use a standard font like 12 pt Times New Roman or 11 pt Arial.
  • Set 1 inch page margins.
  • Apply double line spacing.
  • If submitting for publication, insert a running head on every page.
  • Indent every new paragraph ½ inch.

Watch the video below for a quick guide to setting up the format in Google Docs.

Title page

The image below shows how to format an APA Style title page for a student paper.

APA title page - student version (7th edition)

Running head

If you are submitting a paper for publication, APA requires you to include a running head on each page. The image below shows you how this should be formatted.

APA running head (7th edition)

For student papers, no running head is required unless you have been instructed to include one.

Headings

APA provides guidelines for formatting up to five levels of heading within your paper. Level 1 headings are the most general, level 5 the most specific.

APA headings (7th edition)

Reference page

APA Style citation requires (author-date) APA in-text citations throughout the text and a reference page at the end. The image below shows how the reference page should be formatted.

APA reference page (7th edition)

Note that the format of reference entries is different depending on the source type. You can easily create your citations and reference list using the free APA Citation Generator.

Formatting an MLA paper

The main guidelines for writing an MLA style paper are as follows:

  • Use an easily readable font like 12 pt Times New Roman.
  • Set 1 inch page margins.
  • Apply double line spacing.
  • Indent every new paragraph ½ inch.
  • Use title case capitalization for headings.

Check out the video below to see how to set up the format in Google Docs.

First page

On the first page of an MLA paper, a heading appears above your title, featuring some key information:

  • Your full name
  • Your instructor’s or supervisor’s name
  • The course name or number
  • The due date of the assignment

MLA heading

Page header

A header appears at the top of each page in your paper, including your surname and the page number.

MLA page header

Works Cited page

MLA in-text citations appear wherever you refer to a source in your text. The Works Cited page appears at the end of your text, listing all the sources used. It is formatted as shown below.

The format of the MLA Works Cited page

You can easily create your MLA citations and save your Works Cited list with the free MLA Citation Generator.

Easy Manual On Organizing An MLA Format Research Paper Outline

So, you’re writing a paper for school or work. How will track your study? How will you remember not to forget something? With a Formal MLA Outline.

Is a research paper only what a professor assigns in class? Perdue University defines it as the result of a process of investigation and source evaluation, involving authorities, furthering the subject it is written and providing the writer a chance to increase their understanding.

Attorneys use legal sources to draft briefs to file in court, physicians use manuals to investigate illnesses about which they want to write in professional papers, and sales representatives use the Internet to gather information for marketing plans. These examples resemble papers, only they are documents professionals prepare.

Regardless of whether Perdue or anyone else would argue that papers are limited to students, a research paper MLA outline would nonetheless help all authors prepare better documents. It categorizes and keeps track of data, keeps authors organized and less likely to forget important information, which in turn makes the paper easier to write and more thorough.

Modern Language Association Format for Documents

A research paper MLA, or, Modern Language Association, the format is a page setup that has been accepted by educators, journalists, and publishers for more than fifty years. It is as follows:

  • 12 point font;
  • One-inch margins on all sides;
  • 1/2 inch paragraph indents;
  • Double-spaced text;
  • One space only after periods or other punctuation; and,
  • Page numbers in the upper right corner.

The Formal MLA Outline

The Outline is then arranged in descending order as follows:

  • First Level: Topics. The first level lists each topic using Roman Numerals (I, II, III) in complete sentences and paragraphs.
  • Second Level: Supporting Facts. The second level appears directly under the First Level to which it pertains, indented one extra time, identified with capital letters (A, B, C). Details supporting each topic are written out in note taking form and complete sentences and proper punctuation are not necessary (e.g. take pill w/ H2O & food).
  • Third Level: Finer Details. The third level appears directly under the Second Level to which it pertains, indented one extra time, identified with numbers (1, 2, and 3). This level is used only if the notes in the correlating Supporting Fact weren’t enough and further clarification was necessary.
  • Additional Levels: the above levels are normally sufficient for basic outlines. If more details are required, they should be added first using small case letters (a, b, c) then with numbers in parenthesis [(1), (2)]

The above description of a Formal MLA Outline was detailed in Formal MLA Outline form and showed you how to write mla research paper. It truly is a valuable tool that anyone can use. Click to read for additional MLA assistance.

Recommendations On How To Write An MLA Research Paper Outline

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Different colleges and universities in most cases have their own recommended style of writing. Therefore while writing essays or research papers, students are often supposed to adhere by a particular style of writing and failure of which might lead to disqualification of an essay or other academic writing. MLA is one of the commonly used styles of writing in many colleges and call for a number of requirements. Below are important points that you should consider while writing and MLA research paper outline.

Font Size

The recommended standard font for an MLA research paper is 12 point size and Times new Roman. According to MLA guidelines, it is only the first page that should include the MLA format heading. You should therefore ensure your font does not go below or above 12.

Spacing

MLA general guidelines require that students use double spacing in their essays. The first paragraph should always be indented by half an inch. Some students try to break this rule by increasing the number of spacing in order to have more pages which is very wrong.

Heading

The MLA format heading should consist of your name, name of your course instructor, title of your course and date of submitting your paper. Also take note that a title in MLA format is never underlined or capitalized. Only the first and last letters of the title are written in capitals.

Numbering

Other than the references and the title page, MLA standards require that all pages be numbered in a sequential manner.

Referencing

This is also an important part in any research paper writing. However, each college or university has its own style of referencing that it prefers. According to the MLA style, the first thing that should start is the name of the author, title of the book or publication, year of publication and the place of publication. Failure to arrange your sources in order might cost you some marks.

Generally, it is not difficult to write an MLA research paper. The problem that many students make is to confuse the requirements in MLA writing with other writing styles. Remember that your course instructor has those guidelines on their fingertips and any mistake you make will reduce your score. You there need to be very keen especially when it comes to referencing your academic work to avoid losing marks so easily.

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Writing an outline for a research paper mla

Every outline contains the main idea of a certain research paper or assignment. You will need to write an outline in two cases:

1) if you want to present work which has been already written, or
2) if you are starting work on a research paper and need to plan its contents and structure.

The outline is also helpful when you need to analyze your idea in general and to check if the thesis and arguments you use are coherent enough.

How to write an outline in MLA format – major tips

Various formats

How to Write an Outline in MLA Format

There are usually three formats for writing an outline: Chicago style (employed in Humanities), APA style (psychology, education studies), and MLA style.

The Modern Language Association (MLA) outline is a writing style most commonly used by students and writers in the humanities fields such as English Language and Literature, Foreign language and literature, Cultural Studies and Literary Criticism. It provides written communication guidance on applying stylistic technicalities such as abbreviations and footnotes, page layouts and formatting, citing sources, and more. The 9 th and most recent edition was published in April 2021 and can be found on various websites on the internet.

Thesis statement

In order to write your outline, you should start with a thesis statement. It has to contain very brief text describing the topic, goals, methods, and logical conclusion of the research paper in question. We recommend writing no more than six or seven lines. Remember: the thesis statement is neither an abstract, nor an introduction.

Headings and subheadings

The structure of your paper should include all important ideas, which must be distributed and clarified equally. One idea cannot be more important than another one (particularly in the outline). The contents of the outline should be divided into several headings; in turn, they should be divided into subheadings, and so on. Try to prepare a coherent and strictly logical structure without contradictions or vague definitions. Be pragmatic: expose only information that you need to. Don’t give the reader too much or less than required. A good outline reflects perfectly the contents of the research paper that you have written (or you are going to write). Be concise and smart.

Formatting

When using the MLA format, ensure the paper is 8.5×11 and the margins are one inch around the entire paper with only the running head within the margin. The first word of each sentence should be indented and begin half an inch from the left margin. Each line must be double-spaced with the font being 12-point. However, the font can also be 11-point or 11.5-point. The upper left corner should be secured with a stapler, paper clip or binder clip.

As with all papers in MLA format, your outline should be double-spaced, 12 pt. The title of the paper should be centered. The following line contains the thesis statement (write the thesis in capital letters, followed by a colon, and then set forth your thesis).

The headings are indicated with roman numbers (I, II, III); the subheadings are indicated with uppercase letters (A, B, C); all other subdivisions follow the model of Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3) and lowercase letters (a, b, c). Each of them is followed by a period (I.).

Sample outlines

Below, please find some examples on how to write a full sentence outline, a decimal outline, and alphanumeric outline.

Full sentence outline example – The job search process

THESIS: The job search process is just as much work as having a job.

The job search process can be as time-consuming and stressful as having a full-time job.

Ensure you sign up with job websites such as Indeed, Monster and any other options suitable to your field/ industry.

LinkedIn is a great resource for job hunting as it is good for networking as well as finding vacant positions in various companies across several industries.

Do a thorough research on companies of interest

Make a list of the companies you like and would want to work with

When applying for jobs, make sure you tailor your resume to the job description provided

Identify key words in the job description and use them in your resume

Decimal outline example – How to use LinkedIn for networking and job hunting

THESIS: LinkedIn is a great resource for networking and job hunting.

  1. Register for a LinkedIn account
    • 1.1. Sign up for an account​
    • 1.2. Enter the relevant information
  2. Complete your profile
    • 2.1. Choose a good profile picture
      • 2.1.1. Ensure the image is a headshot that is appropriate for professional purposes.
      • 2.1.2. Ensure the background is plain and not distracting.

Alphanumeric outline example – How to write a thesis paper

THESIS: Writing a thesis paper can be very easy.

  1. Choose the topic of interest
    1. Review topic options
    2. Narrow down options
      1. Review the topics and choose the best option for your thesis.
      2. Further narrow down by assessing the topic you are most familiar and comfortable with
      1. Do google, library, etc. research
      2. Compile literature review
        1. Research your topic using a wide variety of sources
          • a) Ensure to take detailed notes of each source
          • b) Highlight the main points from the sources that best represents your argument
        2. Save your sources with the main points as they will be needed later

        FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT MLA OUTLINE

        What is an MLA Outline?

        The MLA outline is the method used to structure your research paper. A formal MLA outline is optional for the MLA research paper unless stated otherwise by the instructor. The MLA outline should contain two main components: the thesis statement and the ideas that support the thesis statement. The MLA outline is structured using a topic outline, which is when short phrases or words are used to describe the points, or a sentence outline, which is when whole sentences are used for the points. The preference for which to use is dependent on the guidelines from the instructor or whatever you deem best for you when writing the paper.

        How do I write an MLA Outline?

        To write an MLA outline, draft your thesis statement and place it at the beginning of the paper. The major points to support your thesis should be listed and labeled using Roman numerals. Following this, each major point to support the ideas or arguments should be labeled using capital letters. If needed, each supporting idea can be sub-divided and labeled using numbers then common letters. Continue with this until you have a fully developed paper.

        How do I make an MLA Outline in Word?

        The MLA outline can be set up in Microsoft Word using the tabs at the top of the screen. Start with a blank document and follow the below steps.

        Make sure you are on the “Home” tab on the ribbon.

        Click on the “no spacing” button then set the MLA style by making sure the font is 12-point Times New Roman and the lines are double-spaced.

        Add your header, heading and thesis statement.

        Click on the “Multi-level list” icon and choose “Define multi-level list”

        Click “1” under the “Click level to modify” section on the left.

        Go to “Number style for this level” and change it to the Roman numerals

        Under the “Enter number for formatting” section, change the parentheses to a period.

        Select “2” under the “Click level to modify” section.

        Select capital letters for the “Number style for this level” section.

        Go to the “Enter number for formatting” section, change the parentheses to a period.

        Select “3” under the “Click level to modify” section.

        Select numbers for the “Number style for this level” section.

        Under the “Enter number for formatting” section, change the parentheses to a period.

        Select “4” under the “Click level to modify” section.

        Select the lowercase letters for the “Number style for this level” section.

        Under the “Enter number for formatting” section, change both parentheses to a period.

        Select the “Set for all levels button” and change the “Bullet/Number position for the first level” to “0”.

        Ensure that the other two levels/ sections are set at “0.25”.

        Select “OK” for that window and then the second window.

        Start typing your paper and hit the “tab” button to go to the next level. All your indents should be set correctly.

        If you need to go back one level, select “Shift” + “Tab”.

        How do I write an MLA Thesis Outline?

        When writing a thesis outline in MLA, follow these steps.

        Craft your thesis statement and place it at the beginning of the paper.

        Your major points of the thesis should be listed and labeled using Roman numerals.

        Points that support the ideas or arguments should be labeled using capital letters.

        If further points are needed, each supporting idea can be sub-divided and labeled using numbers then common letters until you have a fully developed paper.

        If you need help with writing an outline in MLA format, feel free to order below.

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        How to write an Outline of a Research paper in MLA Style?

        Today we are going to help you understand all about the MLA research paper outline. This is something you will need to write and has a huge effect on your paper. The outline is basically a plan of your MLA paper, and it has a huge role. You will use it to organize all the paragraphs, sections, main ideas, and so much more.

        Usually, students use bullet points to make all of this easier. MLA outline is important to use and can help you complete the task in less time and provide better information, eliminate mistakes, and so much more. An outline is mandatory or highly recommended for all writings, and you can really benefit from it. A research paper outline is something your professor will recommend you to write!

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        Thesis Statement Of Research MLA Paper Outline

        Before you even start with the MLA paper, you need to write a thesis. It is important for any paper, and it is essential. It goes before the research paper outline, and it is an explanation of the paper, the ideas, and the main elements you are going to use. It should be 6-7 lines, but you can make it shorter if you like. Once you have it, you can proceed to college research paper outline and use the bullets we have mentioned above. It is important to add that the thesis is not an introduction for an outline, essay, or anything similar. It is not abstract either.

        Headings And Subheadings Of Research MLA Paper Outline

        Now you will have to organize the ideas you will use. According to modern language associations, these have to be well-organized and important. In simple terms, do not use vague or unimportant pieces of information. You will create headings, and then you will create subheadings. A structured research paper outline will have as many headings/subheadings as you need in order to explain the topic in detail.

        MLA format may be beneficial in this case scenario. An outline in MLA format will present all the main ideas. The key element is not to provide more or less information you need. If you do, a reader will not be interested, and you will end up with a bad paper. In addition, the outline must not use vague, inaccurate, or completely irrelevant ideas. This is something you will have to use for any MLA paper and most essays in general. The goal is to stay accurate and detailed but not go extreme. Use times new roman to keep things simple. Consider style 6th edition.

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        Check-list Of a Good MLA Outline For A Research Paper

        • In cases where you are allowed to indicate corrections on printed research papers, use carets (ʸ) to show it. Correction is easy if you are submitting an electronic copy.
        • Write complete sentences to support your thesis statement.
        • All capital letters should be followed by phrases that offer proof, support evidence, or an explanation of the main idea.
        • Use examples and statistics to expound your points. Here is an example:

        The Template of MLA Research Paper Outline

        Alphanumeric outline example

        Now, take a look at a sample template of the MLA research paper outline below.

        Alphanumeric outline example of MLA Research Paper

        Decimal outline example

        Here we have an example. It is ideal for an MLA outline, and it uses a proper MLA format, so you can always modify it and apply it to your specific needs and goals. If this is too complicated for you or you need help, you can always use “write my research paper” services and get the job done in a minute. This is ideal if you need a complicated college research paper outline MLA or you just don’t have time. Anyway, here is an example of a decimal MLA outline.

        Decimal outline example of MLA Research Paper

        Frequently Asked Questions About Mla Outline

        What is an MLA Outline?

        An outline in MLA format is precisely as you think. It is a plan you will use to write the assignment. It consists of the headings, subheadings, and the ideas you will have to use. Basically, this is a path you will take while writing, and it will reflect how your complete task will look at the end.

        According to the modern language association, this is mandatory, and something all of you need to complete first. It eliminates mistakes and makes the whole task easier. Now you have a plan. You may want to follow these steps here and get the job done in less time and expect a better grade.

        How to write an Outline for a Research Paper MLA?

        You will have to start by explaining the main idea of your essay. Then you will start with defining the headings. Add all the subheadings now and try to focus each one on an important part of the writing. Each one should explain the idea. This is the guide on what you will write later on. The idea must be relevant and accurate, and it must be simple if possible. DO not use ideas that are not accurate or have flaws, or are completely irrelevant to the essay. These can make a reader get bored and not interested.

        When does the page numbering of the MLA Research Title Page begin?

        It should start with the first page. It always uses Arabic numbers, and all pages should be numbered. The numbers will have to be present in the upper right corner of the page, and there are no exceptions. The only expectation is that some professors will ask you not to number the first page. If that is mandatory, you will start from the second page using number 2 and move on. Numbers must be 0.5 inches from the top, and they must be flush with the proper margin.

        How to set Outline of a Research Paper in MLA Style in Google Docs?

        Formatting your research in this case scenario is simple. You will have to start a new document and click on file/new/template. From there, you will have to search for the MLA template and open it when you find it. Then start with the main idea at the top. You will now have to write the headings followed or containing the subheadings.

        As you can see, the whole process is super easy and far easier than when using other platforms. There is no need to manually adjust all the settings and optimize the content. Keep in mind that you should use font sizes 12, 11.5, or 11.

        How to set the Outline of a Research Paper in MLA Style in Word?

        To start with your research paper outline in Word, start a new document. Click on no spacing and choose font and size. Write the main idea. Click on multi-level numbering and define multiple level numbering then. Change the values. They should be A., I., 1. and so on (enter formatting for number). Choose number style for this number in I, II, III for the first level, A, B, C for the third level, and 1, 2, 3 for the third level. Now you can start writing.

        How to Write an Outline

        For any research paper, it is essential to understand how to write an outline. In many fields, research papers require an outline, as an integral part of the paper.

        This article is a part of the guide:

        Browse Full Outline

        Even if this is not the case, for longer papers, a good outline helps you to keep track of your ideas, acting as a road map for a perfect paper.

        An outline is a great aid when you are trying to amalgamate and assess the research paper, because it allows you to see certain links between different areas, whilst making sure that you do not repeat yourself.

        For a short paper, of a couple of thousand words or less, an outline might not be necessary. For a longer paper, it is essential, or you will become overwhelmed by the sheer amount of information that you need to assimilate, and write down.

        Trying to write a 10 000-word dissertation, without an outline, is an exercise in futility.

        Some subjects, typically those using MLA format, demand that you write an outline at the beginning of the paper.

        Others, whilst not requiring an outline, do ask for a table of contents for longer papers, and an outline makes this process much easier. It allows you to be organized and lay out your headings properly, allowing the word processor’s automatic table of contents tool to do its work.

        For long papers, there is no harm in showing your outline to your supervisor early on in the process, because they will be able to tell you whether you are going in the right direction.

        MLA Recommendations On How to Write an Outline

        The easiest way to design an outline is with the MLA standard format, which helps you to develop a good structure for the outline.

        Major headings, such as ‘Introduction’, ‘Method’, etc. are given upper-case roman numerals, I, II…etc.

        These sections are further subdivided, using A, B as a second level, 1, 2 as a third and a, b and i, ii make up the rest. Obviously, for a short or straightforward paper, you may not need all of these subheadings.

        Your first outline is a working outline, so do not worry too much about going into detail, or getting everything in exactly the right order.

        The initial outline allows you to structure your thoughts and establish how you are going to lay out the paper. For example, in the literature review part of your paper, the outline will help you to decide whether to lay it out in a purely chronological order, or address each relevant point individually.

        Whichever layout you use, it will help you to integrate the previous research and provide a more detailed analysis.

        How to Write an Outline – A Few Tips

        • If you are using Word, or OpenOffice, make sure that the various levels of your outline (I, A, 1, a, i) correspond to the headings in the Word Processing program – Heading 1, Heading 2, Heading 3, etc. This will make it much easier to create a table of contents based upon your outline, at a later date.
        • You will modify and adjust your outline as you go along, but make sure that you keep copies of older versions. You may find that you have taken the paper in a direction that you are not happy with, so can always go back.
        • Whilst MLA format is regarded as the best guide to how to write an outline, check things over with your supervisor as they may have their own preferred ideas about how to write an outline, and it is much easier to get it right from the start rather than have to change everything retrospectively.

        If you follow these instructions to write an outline, then you are a long way towards laying out the parts of a research paper correctly.

        The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Good Research Paper Outline

        Have you been assigned college research essay? Don’t know where to get started? The first step you should make is writing a research paper outline. Crafting a good research essay outline is of utmost importance because it performs two significant functions. It helps writers organize thoughts on their topic and structure all pieces of relevant information correctly.

        A well-written outline is also aimed at making navigation through your work easier. Readers can check their plan and find key points he/she are interested in most. You can’t get lost if you provide a good roadmap, which is the key role of an outline.

        What is an outline for a research paper? It is a solid basis, a foundation for the whole work. A well-structured plan is a key to success! However, you should understand that there are certain rules you can follow when writing an informative essay outline. Have no idea on what you should include in your essay outline? Our research paper service can help you with requirements for outline writing below.

        How to Write MLA\ APA Paper Outline?

        MLA and APA are the two most frequently used writing standards for middle/high school papers as well as for college papers. Each style has its own distinctive features and peculiarities. MLA is one format for humanitarian classes while APA is used for assignments in social sciences. When writing an research paper in MLA, keep in mind that citation rules differ from other styles here. You should include the date after the publisher without parentheses while APA style guide says that you must use parentheses.

        Differences concerning spelling of an author’s name as well. In APA, you can write initials and the last name in full while MLA requires spelling the full name. There are also differences in the capitalization rules. When composing an assignment in MLA, don’t forget to write all words with capital letters and underline the title. APA research paper outline title should be in italics and only the first word is capitalized. Use Roman numerals for headings and subheadings in MLA outline. Just keep in mind that no matter what your paper format is, its content should be always unique. Consider performing free online plagiarism check to detect any traces of plagiarism as soon as your paper is completed.

        Which Elements Should You Include in Your Research Outline?

        How to write an outline for a research paper ? It doesn’t matter what topic you have chosen for your research , your plan should consist of these following elements:

        • Title. It is the so-called face of your paper. You must choose an impressive title, which won’t be longer than 60 characters. An optimal way for creating a really good title is to finish the work first and only after thinking of your title, which can hook readers and express your key idea. Your title page should also include information about the writer. You must write the date when the assignment is submitted, name of the person who has completed it, and name of the supervisor.
        • Abstract. The next page of your work should include a short summary of all parts. What should you cover in an abstract? It is simple. Just tell what your assignment is about, what problems you have investigated and which results you have got. Remember that it must be useful information, which should be expressed in 150-250 words.
        • Contents. Every student knows that if he/she is assigned a task that consists of several pages, then they must include a list of contents for easier navigation.
        • Introduction. Here, your task is to provide readers with an explicit understanding of what you are going to discuss. Tell why you consider said chosen topic actual nowadays, what makes it interesting for modern readers. Write a powerful thesis statement that will catch readers’ attention.
        • Methods. When composing a research essay, you need to share which techniques you have used to achieve your goal. Your methodology section should be useful for readers. If readers wants to replicate it, he/she will be able to turn to your experience.
        • Results. You should include one section where all findings are interpreted. There are several ways to present research results. The most effective one uses tables, which will help visualize your findings.
        • Conclusion. Finally, you are reminding readers of the thesis statement that you have provided in your paper’s beginning. Your task is to restate it and to include a brief overlook of your whole paper. Also, you can include your ideas on possible further research on said topic.
        • References. Write a list of sources you have used for essay writing. Take into account that bibliography formatting may differ. You may be assigned to write either standard list of references or an annotated bibliography.

        An Example of a Research Essay Outline

        Have a look at this research paper outline example:

        1. Introduction
        1. Topic: Drug addiction as a social problem
        2. Issue: Drug Addiction among teenagers
        3. Thesis: Drug abuse today is seen as an extreme social problem that belongs to global problems.
        1. Why does egoism determine someone’s proclivity to drug addiction?
        1. If someone does not find life purpose, if there is no place for spiritual and moral values in his/her life, their risk of being dependent on drugs is high.
        2. A predisposition for filling spiritual emptiness with instant pleasures is developing.
        3. A man adapts to the realities of the modern world through satisfaction of emotional and bodily needs, while forgetting about needs of the soul.
        1. What causes addiction?
        1. The main cause of any social problems is an “immaturity of society”, which is expressed in the fact that people become consumers.
        2. Spiritual and moral attitudes are lost. Everything contributes to development of addictions, including drug addiction.
        3. The main task of modern society is to foster mature personalities, able to cope with life’s difficulties independently, without resorting to drugs and other pleasures.
        1. What measures should be taken for eliminating the number of drug-addicted teenagers?
        1. For proper development in society, it is necessary from an early age to determine the abilities and vocation of every person, giving him/her an opportunity for finding a worthy sense of life.
        2. Promoting healthy lifestyles and the actualization of spiritual and moral values in modern society will allow forming optimal attitudes that will resist the desire to try drugs.

        Use above sample as an example of a college research paper outline when working on your informational research essay and you will definitely succeed! Also, you can buy a research paper from our service!

        Research Paper Outline – A Complete Guide with Examples

        A research paper is a compulsory academic writing task. It is an important activity to check the writing and research abilities of students. However, it takes time to write a good research paper, so you need to create a plan before you start writing.

        It is a bit tricky and hard to write an outline. You need to write it carefully, or the ideas will get mixed up. But after you do, it will be worth the work.

        Contents

        • Research Paper Outline Example
        • Research Paper Outline Template
        • How to Write a Research Paper Outline?
        • Research Paper Outline Samples
        • Why is a Research Paper Outline Important?

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        Research Paper Outline Example

        A research paper outline could be created in several different ways. Here is a sample research paper outline for a quick review;

        Research Paper Example: Typhoid and the Usefulness of Vaccination

        1. Introduction
          1. Definition of Typhoid
          2. Rise in the cases, especially in previously ‘clean’ places
          3. Data and Figures: Surge in the number of cases and number of patients
          1. The disease’s symptoms and time period
          2. Risk and chances of death, based on recent statistics
          3. How does Typhoid spread?
          1. Vaccination methods in different places
          2. The usefulness of vaccination – arguments regarding why it is recommended and why some groups are against it.
            1. Arguments related to opposing beliefs of different regions and groups
            2. Arguments related to details supporting the vaccination
            3. Discussion of a Typhoid case and usefulness of the vaccination
            1. Outbreaks in Canada, SIngapore, Australia, and UK
              1. The percentage of vaccinated people in the area
              1. Dangers of Typhoid as an initiator of other diseases
                1. Diseases that could occur as a result of Typhoid
                2. Rate of fatality after a person contracts Typhoid
                1. Summary of the main arguments
                2. Summary of the data and figures in association with the vaccination
                3. Main concluding statement
                  1. How useful is the Typhoid vaccination in preventing the disease?

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                  Research Paper Outline Template

                  You can format your research paper outline in three different ways. Here is how to use each type of outline template for formatting;

                  Alphanumeric Outline

                  An alphanumeric outline uses Roman numerals, capital letters, lowercase letters, and arabic numerals.

                  Example

                  1. Paragraph 1
                    1. First argument
                      1. First sub-point
                        1. First sub-point of the sub-point 1

                        Full-sentence Outline

                        Each point is detailed and the text is written in full sentences.

                        Example

                        1. First paragraph of the research paper
                          1. First claim to support the argument
                            1. Sub-point to discuss point A
                              1. Sub-point of subpoint1 to conclude the point A

                              Decimal Outline

                              The decimal outline uses numbers instead of letters.

                              Example

                              1. First paragraph
                                1. 1.1. First point
                                  1. 1.1.1. First sub-point
                                  2. 1.1.2. Second sub-point

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                                  How to Write a Research Paper Outline?

                                  steps for a research paper outline

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                                  The following is a detailed explanation of the steps to write a college research paper outline.

                                  Cover or Title page

                                  A paper should have the title in it. It should discuss what the paper is about and how it will help in proving the arguments. This section includes the following elements.

                                  • Student’s full name
                                  • Name of the instructor
                                  • Course title and code
                                  • Submission date

                                  Abstract

                                  The abstract is a short summary of your paper. It should be five to six sentences long and includes the main information. It comes after the title page and mainly focuses on:

                                  • The main arguments
                                  • The research methods
                                  • The subject matter
                                  • Participants
                                  • Outcomes

                                  Ensure the abstract should not exceed the ⅓ of the page, i.e., about 150 to 200 words.

                                  Table of Contents

                                  The table of contents will summarize the chapters and sections in an organized manner. It also includes the title and descriptions of the headings and subheadings.

                                  This section provides readers with a complete overview of the document’s contents. It is good to have a table of contents. It helps you know what is in your research paper, and it allows the audience to go directly to a specific section.

                                  Research Paper Introduction

                                  The introduction is the most important part of any research paper. It should present the topic and answer the research question. Similarly, it must also explain the importance of the subject matter for the audience.

                                  The central aim is to grab the reader’s attention with the help of strong arguments. Thus, this section must be engaging and interesting enough.

                                  Below are the four main elements to write a compelling introduction:

                                  • A Hook – An engaging start to persuade the readers to read more. It is about 1 to 2 sentences in length.
                                  • Background Information – It presents the historical background of the topic along with the general information for better understanding.
                                  • Thesis Statement – It explains the major points of your paper that discuss why the topic is of great importance. Thus, it must be clear, specific, and to the point.
                                  • Define the Audience – Understand and define your target audience. Explain the reasons why they are interested in reading your content.

                                  Research Paper Body

                                  The body is the main section of your research paper. It consists of several paragraphs that include the relevant information, examples, and evidence to support your argument.

                                  You can also provide counterarguments and opposing facts. Such factors help the reader to get an idea about your understanding of the topic.

                                  Make sure the paper should remain consistent from the beginning to the end. The style, tone, and citation should be according to the required format.

                                  Literature Review

                                  This section will explain how the literature you used to support your theory has influenced and helped guide your research. It also identifies the research gaps in the existing data.

                                  Method

                                  Here, you will present the techniques and types of equipment that you have employed to carry out the research work. Keep in mind that the methods can vary according to the subject matter.

                                  Thus, you need to give a detailed explanation of how you have conducted the research.

                                  Results

                                  A good research paper has facts and figures to justify the argument. In this section, you will focus on the findings of your paper. Make sure to add as many facts, statistics, and numbers as possible.

                                  Use tables and graphs to be more precise and structured. Remember to tell the audience how the outcome has contributed to the field of study as a whole.

                                  Discussion

                                  Most students get confused between the results and discussion. There is a simple line that separates both.

                                  Results focus on facts and figures. However, in the discussion section, a writer makes sure whether the expected results are achieved or not.

                                  Research Paper Conclusion

                                  The conclusion is the final part of your research work that summarizes the main arguments.

                                  It also restates the thesis, goals, and methods used to achieve the results.

                                  There is no need to provide a detailed explanation. Instead, just give a general overview. Also, formulate the prospect for future research and a call to action to provoke the readers.

                                  Keep in mind; the conclusion should not be longer than the abstract.

                                  Bibliography and Appendix

                                  Mention all the sources that you have used in your text in the bibliography section. Similarly, add facts, tables, images, and charts in Appendix, but in some formats, the appendix is not required.

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                                  Research Paper Outline Samples

                                  Below you can find an example of an outline for a research paper to understand and create an outline for your own paper clearly.

                                  Basic Outline for a Research Paper

                                  Research Paper Outline for College Students

                                  Research Paper Outline in MLA Format

                                  Research Paper Outline in APA Format

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                                  Why is a Research Paper Outline Important?

                                  A research paper outline is basically a blueprint for a complete subject. It serves as a mindmap and a plan of action that most students follow throughout the writing process.

                                  The following are the benefits of creating a well-structured outline.

                                  • It organizes all the thoughts and ideas in one place.
                                  • It provides a detailed structure for your future research work.
                                  • It demonstrates your understanding and vision of a particular topic.
                                  • The outline helps to avoid any possible mistakes by shaping a topic.
                                  • It helps not to skip any important points.
                                  • It gives an idea for the future headings of the paper.
                                  • It provides an understanding of the flow of information and how ideas are related.
                                  • It gives the audience a clear idea of what is included in the paper.

                                  The above guide will help you to start writing an outline for your research paper. However, some students lack good writing skills and prefer to seek professional help.

                                  This is where a lot of people get into trouble. In a hurry to meet the deadline, they end up ordering from an unreliable paper writing service.

                                  So if you are in search of a legitimate service, MyPerfectWords.com is right here to help you. You can fully trust our reliable paper writing service. We are here to write your perfect outline of a research paper or even a complete research paper from scratch.

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